Thursday, February 13, 2014

This Day in WWII History: Feb 13, 1945: Firebombing of Dresden

 File:Fotothek df ps 0000010 Blick vom Rathausturm.jpg

On the evening of February 13, 1945, a series of Allied firebombing raids begins against the German city of Dresden, reducing the "Florence of the Elbe" to rubble and flames, and killing as many as 135,000 people.

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-08778-0001, Dresden, Tote nach Bombenangriff.jpg

File:Fotothek df ps 0000123 Frauenleichnam in einem Luftschutzkeller.jpg

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-Z0309-310, Zerstörtes Dresden.jpg

 

It was the single most destructive bombing of the war—including Hiroshima and Nagasaki—and all the more horrendous because little, if anything, was accomplished strategically, since the Germans were already on the verge of surrender.

 File:Dresden photochrom2.jpg

File:Fotothek df ps 0000047 Eine Mutter über dem Kinderwagen ihrer Zwillinge im Tode .jpg

 File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1994-041-07, Dresden, zerstörtes Stadtzentrum.jpg

 

Among the conclusions reached at the February 1945 Yalta Conference of the Allied powers was the resolution that the Allies would engage in concerted strategic bombing raids against German cities known for war-production and manufacturing, in an effort to bring the Nazi war machine to a crashing halt. The tragic irony of the raid on Dresden, a medieval city renowned for its rich artistic and architectural treasures, is that during the war it had never been a site of war-production or major industry.

 File:Lancaster I NG128 Dropping Blockbuster - Duisburg - Oct 14, 1944.jpg

File:Lancaster I NG128 Dropping Incendiaries - Duisburg - Oct 14 - 1944.jpg

 http://www.bollyn.com/public/Martin_Luther_and_Frauenkirche_1967.jpg

 

Both Allies and Germans alike have argued over the real purpose of the firebombing; the ostensible "official" rationale was that Dresden was a major communications center and bombing it would hamper the German ability to convey messages to its army, which was battling Soviet forces at the time. But the extent of the destruction was, for many, disproportionate to the stated strategic goal—many believe that the attack was simply an attempt to punish the Germans and weaken their morale.


 

More than 3,400 tons of explosives were dropped on the city by 800 American and British aircraft. The firestorm created by the two days of bombing set the city burning for many more days, littering the streets with charred corpses, including many children. Eight square miles of the city was ruined, and the total body count was between 35,000 and 135,000 (an approximation is all that was possible given that the city was filled with many refugees from farther east). The hospitals that were left standing could not handle the numbers of injured and burned, and mass burials became necessary.

File:Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris.jpg

 File:Slaughterhousefive.jpg

 File:Kurt-Vonnegut-US-Army-portrait.jpg

Among the American POWs who were in Dresden during the raid was novelist Kurt Vonnegut, who conveyed his experience in his classic antiwar novel Slaughterhouse Five.


File:FrauenkircheCataloguedFragments gobeirne (cropped).jpg

 http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2013/2/15/1360927045136/Dresden-bombing-008.jpg

File:Sandsteinmauerheidefriedhof.jpg

Taken from: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/firebombing-of-dresden [13.02.2014]

3 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  2. How do we know that the bodies in these photos didn't come from London or Coventry or other cities in Britain, Holland, etc. etc., on the Allied side? I remember reading over and over that Hitler was warned before invading Poland that if he did he would unleash total war and that the British would do anything to the German population that the Germans did to British civilians but far more in order to bring the same terror to the people in Germany. It wasn't just terror for terror's sake, it was terror to force a population to overthrow the evil man in the heart of Berlin. But, the SS enforced a "good" German population so that it would only die if it tried to overthrow Hitler. So for the record, Germany was warned that this would happen before the war even began AND the SS are to blame along with Hitler.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I am not saying its not Hitlers fault that all this happened. He started the WAR and he didn't want to stop it. I am just underlining the fact that WAR is harsh on everyone and unfortunately innocent people always gets killed on both sides.

      Delete